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古玩城2020精品推荐第五期:大定通宝

【时间: 2020-08-01 19:02:44 来源:未知】

大定通宝,中国古代钱币之一。大金国金世宗大定十八年(公元1178年)铸造。钱文仿瘦金体书版式有小平、折二两种,另有铁钱。折二大钱铸量较少,色灰白,世传其钱料微含银。大定二十八年(公元1188年)铸造的钱币有干支背文。“大定通宝”钱,造型简练、形貌大方、字仿“瘦金”,精美程度比“大观通宝”有过之无不及。

Dading Tongbao is one of the ancient Chinese coins. It was cast in the 18th year of Dading (A.D. 1178) of Jin Shizong. Qian Wen imitates the thin gold body book format to have the small flat, the fold two kinds, moreover the iron money. The amount of money cast in two fold coin is less, and the color is gray and white. It is said that its money material contains little silver. The coins struck in the 28th year of Dading (1188 A.D.) have dry branch inscriptions. The "Dading Tongbao" money is simple in shape, generous in appearance, and imitation of "thin gold" in character. It is more exquisite than "Daguan Tongbao".

“大定通宝”与唐开元、宋大观钱相比,洗练凝重、文字秀美,规格严谨更胜一筹。体现了中华民族的美学意识。这和金代造钱善于汲取历代特别是宋钱精华以及君臣热爱文化艺术密切有关。“大定通宝”对后世各代钱币制造产生的影响极为深远。

"Dading Tongbao" is superior to Daguan Qian of Tang Kaiyuan and Song Dynasty in terms of refinement, beauty and preciseness. It embodies the aesthetic consciousness of the Chinese nation. This is closely related to the money making in the Jin Dynasty, which is good at absorbing the past dynasties, especially the song Qian essence and the love of culture and art by the monarch and his ministers. "Dading Tongbao" has a far-reaching influence on later generations of coin making. 

 

铸制规整有加,铸体凸显厚重,乃折十形制大小,其铸相显示,方正圆矩,平整地章,穿轮干干净净,无需多疑。续观字廓,深竣清晰,鼓凸自然有度,恰到好处,整体精整铸相更具初炉试样钱形体特征。藉此,无需赘述,观铸识体,本品之铸相彰显官炉应有品貌,其门又开。

The casting is regular and heavy. It's in ten shapes and sizes. The casting phase shows that it's Square and round. It's smooth and clean. There's no need to doubt. The shape is deep and clear, bulge is natural and just right, and the overall finishing casting phase has more characteristics of primary furnace specimen shape. Therefore, there is no need to elaborate. The casting phase of this product shows the appearance of the official stove, and the door is open.

钱币整体给人感觉制作精美、铸工精湛,在中国钱币的历史上是不可多得的佳作。真想不到这居然会是少数民族政权制作的钱币,不客气的说它的精美程度远远超过了汉族政权铸造的许许多多种类的钱币。钱币虽然很小,但我们从它可以看到个国家一个政权某一时期的整体面貌。这时期文化、经深、手工艺都能够透过这小小的金属来淋满的展现。可以说若没有金世宗量在位时期对国家的“大定之治”,就没有这种传干后世的精美钱币。

Coins as a whole give people the feeling of exquisite production and exquisite casting, which is a rare masterpiece in the history of Chinese coins. I can't imagine that this coin was made by the minority regime. It's more exquisite than many kinds of coins made by the Han regime. Although the coin is very small, we can see the overall appearance of a country and a regime in a certain period from it. During this period, culture, economy and handicraft can be fully displayed through this small metal. It can be said that there would be no such fine coins handed down to later generations without the "rule of Dading" by Jin shizongliang.

 

 

 

 

 

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